This literature review explores the effectiveness of how a growth mindset can be instrumental to student's academic performance. Students who are able to persevere when given a difficult task are more likely to have success, than a student who feels intelligence is influenced by natural ability. Students with a fixed mindset are quick to give up when given a challenging task. Growth mindset and grit are a direct reflection of each other. This literature review consists of a study that was done to measure factors that would predict high school graduation. Results from the study were associated with both grit and growth mindset. Students who persevere in the education setting when faced with challenges and adversity seem to have grit, which correlates with a growth mindset. The effectiveness of a growth mindset in the school culture requires teachers to be knowledgeable and supportive of strategies and expectations, to be able to implement a growth mindset into academic instruction.