Reading instruction is an important part of a child’s education. Reading is essential in their academic career. Students who read well are able to perform at high standards but students who struggle with reading can experience many difficulties, ranging from doing poorly in all subjects to behavior issues. Many researchers are reporting successful studies in closing the achievement gap in reading. Teachers need this information to best support students who need interventions when learning to read. This literature review looks at how best to instruct students who struggle to read.