This literature review explores the trends of homework in current education as well as the effects that parents may have on homework, specifically with upper-level elementary students. Homework is a highly debated topic in the scope of education. The subject matter these days is vastly different from what it was even twenty years ago. That, in turn, could potentially lead towards unnecessary stress at home for parents trying to help their children with their homework. Families and their children tend to be busier than ever in our current society. With so many extra-curricular opportunities and schedules that are borderline out of control, homework might be one of the last things on the mind of the students and the parents alike. The literature review will consist of scholarly-based articles and other reliable sources in order to present an in-depth look at the effects of homework and parental involvement with homework in the upper elementary grades.