Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2021


Trauma occurs when a young child experiences an event that causes actual harm or poses a serious threat to the child's emotional and physical well-being. The research shows that there are many factors that influence a child's life and can cause a child trauma. Many children exposed to trauma will experience difficulties with coping, building relationships, self-regulation, lack of social skills, difficulties with peers; many will develop PTSD. Educators and parents alike are looking to trauma-informed practices for the benefit of all children. This literature review will explain the importance of these practices and how they affect children's behavior and performance in school, and into their future. TIPs combined with strong relationships with adults and a caring supportive environment, will be the way to help children become competent learners.

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