Research states that a student’s reading fluency has a direct correlation to their reading comprehension. This literature review investigates the most effective reading strategies that increase a student’s reading fluency rate. The research explores strategies such as repeated reading, Readers Theatre, text complexity, phonics instruction, and intervention group conditions. This literature review will contain peer reviewed, scholarly journals to research the most effective reading strategies to increase student’s reading fluency rate. The results of the various studies utilized within this paper indicate repeated reading that incorporates scaffolded repetitive readings of a text have been highly successful.