Cooperative learning has been around for decades. It can be highly effective in increasing students' academic achievement, motivation, engagement, positive attitudes, social and emotional aspects, and much more if implemented correctly. It can be difficult for educators to jump right in on using a new teaching strategy. Years of research has provided us with different perspectives and input of cooperative learning's effects and implementation strategies. This literature review contains information from peer reviewed, scholarly journals researching the history of cooperative learning, multiple different grouping techniques, aftermaths in both academic and social effects, the teacher's role, and the importance of collaboration. The results of the studies throughout this literature review expose that cooperative learning is effective in increasing students' academic achievement as well as social and emotional skills.