Parental involvement in children’s education is important for academic success. Parental involvement can have effects on a child’s social development, cognitive development, and behaviors in the classroom. It is important to have parental involvement at home and at school. Teachers are looking at ways they can involve parents more within their child’s education, and what barriers may cause parents to be less involved or seem to not be involved. This literature review examines research has been conducted on parental involvement in early childhood, elementary and secondary levels of education, parental involvement in different families and their background, and how parental involvement effects social development, cognitive development, and academic success.