This literature review examines the effects of technology in early childhood. This literature review uses scholarly journals and articles to show the advantages and disadvantages of technology in early childhood. The research examines how technology can impact a child's development in the areas of (a) social emotional, (b) physical, (c) cognitive, (d) language, (e) mathematics, and (f) literacy skills. The advantages and disadvantages of technology will be reviewed in each of these early childhood developmental areas. Parents and teachers must be aware of screen time guidelines. Recommendations from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics are included in this literature review. This literature concludes with early childhood applications on how teachers should plan, select, integrate, and evaluate technology to be developmentally appropriate in the early childhood classroom environment for students. Further research needs to be conducted in the area of early childhood on the effects of technology in regard to student's learning and development.