This literature review explores the interaction between student motivation and homework completion. Studies show that motivation is key to academic success. In order for a student to be motivated, they must have a positive learning environment that promotes self-confidence, choice, and relationships. Studies also show that homework is important to academic achievement. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are most effective when combined to increase homework completion and academic performance. Punishment can negatively affect student attitudes, hinder their motivation, and decrease their self-confidence. This research synthesizes the literature on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, consequences, and punishment, to discern the best ways to motivate students to ensure academic growth and homework completion.