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This literature review explores the history, viewpoints, theoretical frameworks, and themes in literature of early literacy in the United States. It also discusses legislation on this topic, such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Literacy in ages birth to three has been a long time educational issue. The ‘pendulum’ has swung between different approaches to literacy instruction. It is important for every person to be informed on this subject because early literacy affects each life. What one learns or fails to learn in the first three years of life affects the rest of one’s life by contributing either to reading success or struggles. Reading skills are arguably the most important skills to learn in school because they are required for success in all other subject areas.

Recommended Citation

Johnson, B. (2017). How to boost literacy in ages birth to three (Master's thesis, Northwestern College, Orange City, IA). Retrieved from