Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2020


The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and the impact on a student’s emotional, cognitive, and behavioral abilities. In this paper I will explore how brain development, as well as environmental factors, can all address the behavior of a student and the consequences of that behavior. This literary review features studies on ACEs and its relationship to brain development, chronic absenteeism, retention and dropout rates, behavioral problems, and academic achievement. In addition, studies about crime, school intervention, and community intervention help to further explain how ACEs impacts the behaviors of individuals. This paper finds that ACEs directly correlate with higher risks of exhibiting behaviors. Furthermore, this paper suggests appropriate interventions and guidance to help students who exhibit signs of ACEs and can still be successful in their environments.