The purpose of this study is to use two different types or learning and see which one is more effective for preschool students. It seeks to answer this question: Do preschool students learn more effectively from small group instruction or from play-based learning? Preschool is where learning really begins, it is important to have a solid foundation for an educational career, this foundation is built in the preschool setting. Students learn in a variety of ways, hopefully this study helps determine the most effective way for the majority of the students to learn. Play-based learning is a relatively newer concept that not all educators are familiar with, however this concept is something students really seem to enjoy. Group instruction is a type of teaching that has been around for decades and continues to be utilized today. One of the main focuses of preschool education is literacy and math. These are two things students will take with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching these skills and building on them from preschool on up is essential.