This literature review explores the effect that movement has on the achievement of elementary aged students. The research provided through scholarly articles, journals, and books, explains why there is a need for movement activities in the classroom and how physical activity effects the engagement and success of children in a positive way. This literature review examines the constructive impact that movement plays on the brain activity of young children in their early developmental stages of life. Studies also provide research that examine how the overall health of children can benefited by the amount of movement that their body receives daily. It also examines how anxiety, stress, and depression can be minimized and the increase it has on increasing on-task behavior in the classroom. The literature provides applications for ways that movement can be added to the daily classroom routine through content learning, recess and times of allowing the brain to take time away from tasks.