Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 2019


The benefits of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) are being recognized in education for helping reduce misbehaviors. The PBIS program is a multi-tiered preventative approach to discipline that involves collecting data for decision-making and using evidence-based practices to address problem behaviors. The purpose of this study was to identify the impact PBIS implementation had on office discipline referrals. This paper includes data from three middle school grades: sixth grade, seventh grade and eighth grade. Data was collected over the course of ten months. Teachers recorded the number of office discipline referrals using a Behavior Referral Form. Data entered on the Behavior Referral Form was compiled into six areas: student, grade, location, time of day, day of week and specific problem behavior. Results indicated that PBIS did not have a significant impact on decreasing office referrals. Further study of PBIS looking at the factors that impact implementation would provide additional data regarding the success of PBIS at the middle school.

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