Poverty effects nearly every school district in the United States to some degree. This literature review explores the impacts poverty has on children in the school setting. This paper examined studies that looked at children ages six months through eighteen years of all socio-economic statuses and compared them specifically to children living below the poverty line. Through examining the significance and detriment of poverty in schools, I explain the different forms of poverty, myths and misconceptions about people living in poverty, the effects poverty has on brain development, barriers to accessing education, barriers within the educational system, and strategies to engage students and families living in poverty. The results of the various studies included in this paper determined poverty effects nearly every form of development in youth and has lasting repercussions into adulthood.