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This literature review presents the history of the traditional American coeducational classroom, studies regarding the results and benefits of implementing gender-separated classrooms, and the discussion of how music education classrooms could find value in the research relating to gender separation. With the allowance of increased studies regarding single-sex versus coeducational classrooms in the United States since the early 2000s, more researchers are aiming to understand what setting is most advantageous for students and their overall academic experience. The literature review will present information from scholarly-based articles, research study findings, and other reputable sources that highlight the statistical results and overall advantages of separating students by gender in educational settings.

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