Document Type

Collaborative Scholarship


The current study investigated the effects of cultural self-construal, interpersonal relationship harmony, and high school environment on self-esteem. One-hundred and one American participants and 99 Japanese participants completed self-report surveys to assess each construct. Results showed that self-esteem of students who value harmonious relationships was protected from controlling teaching in both American and Japanese students, whereas self-esteem of students who value personal interests over harmonious relationships was protected in the same context, but only among Japanese and not American students.

About the Author

Naoko Oura is a former student of Dr. Chi's, and she graduated from Northwestern College's psychology program in 2015.

At Northwestern College, Dr. Chi has been primarily responsible for teaching General Psychology, Theories of Personality, Psychopathology, and Research Design and Introductory Statistics. His articles have appeared in peer-reviewed publications that include the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, the Journal of Attention Disorders, the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, and the Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. Dr. Chi has also presented his research at the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, the Association for Psychological Science, the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, the Midwestern Psychological Association, the Society for Research in Adolescence, and the Society for Research in Child Development.

Dr. Chi has a strong record of involving students in collaborative research. Since 2000, he has worked with approximately 50 undergraduate research assistants. Most of them have continued onto M.A./Ph.D. training in counseling, clinical psychology, or experimental psychology.

Included in

Psychology Commons



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